Keeping an eye on global trends and priorities for children’s health

Keeping an eye on global trends and priorities for children’s health is important to ensure that appropriate interventions are put in place 

Emerging priorities for children’s health

  • Congenital anomalies, injuries, and non-communicable diseases (chronic respiratory diseases, acquired heart diseases, childhood cancers, diabetes, and obesity) are the emerging priorities in the global child health agenda.
  • Congenital anomalies affect an estimated 1 in 33 infants, resulting in 3.2 million children with disabilities related to birth defects every year.
  • The global disease burden due to non-communicable diseases affecting children in childhood and later in life is rapidly increasing, even though many of the risk factors can be prevented.
  • Similarly, the worldwide number of overweight children increased from an estimated 31 million in 2000 to 42 million in 2015, including in countries with a high prevalence of childhood undernutrition.

 

Global response: Sustainable Development Goal 3

  • The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted by the United Nations in 2015 were developed to promote healthy lives and well-being for all children.
  • The SDG Goal 3 is to end preventable deaths of newborns and under-5 children by 2030. There are two targets:

a. Reduce newborn mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1 000 live births in every country (SDG 3.2); and
b. Reduce under-five mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births in every country (SDG 3.2).
Credit: WHO

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